Today in History
Today is Friday, Jan. 25, the 25th day of 2013. There are 340 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Jan. 25, 1863, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln accepted Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's resignation as commander of the Army of the Potomac, and replaced him with Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker.
On this date:
In 1533, England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, who later gave birth to Elizabeth I.
In 1787, Shays's Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers led by Capt. Daniel Shays failed to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass.
In 1890, reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) of the New York World completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes. The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
In 1915, Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service between New York and San Francisco.
In 1936, former Gov. Al Smith, D-N.Y., delivered a radio address in Washington, titled "Betrayal of the Democratic Party," in which he fiercely criticized the New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In 1947, American gangster Al Capone died in Miami Beach, Fla., at age 48.
In 1949, the first Emmy Awards, honoring local Los Angeles TV programs and talent, were presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy held the first presidential news conference to be carried live on radio and television.
In 1971, Charles Manson and three women followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate. Idi Amin seized power in Uganda by ousting President Milton Obote (oh-BOH'-tay) in a military coup.
In 1981, the 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States.
In 1993, a gunman shot and killed two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in Virginia (Pakistani national Mir Aimal Kansi was later tried and convicted of the shootings, and executed). Sears announced that it would no longer publish its famous century-old catalog.
In 1998, Pope John Paul II ended his historic journey to Cuba.
Ten years ago: NASA launched a spacecraft into orbit to measure all of the radiation streaming toward Earth from the sun. Serena Williams survived an error-filled match to beat elder sister Venus 7-6 (4), 3-6, 6-4 to win the Australian Open for her fourth straight major championship. Marcus Allen, Elvin Bethea, Joe DeLamielleure (dih-lah-muh-LOOR'), James Lofton and Hank Stram were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Five years ago: President George W. Bush urged Congress to quickly pass an economic stimulus package void of extraneous spending, saying only quick action would kickstart the sputtering economy. Democrat Dennis Kucinich (koo-SIH'-nich) abandoned his presidential bid to focus on a tough race for re-election to Congress.
Page 2 of 3 - One year ago: U.S. military forces flew into Somalia in a nighttime helicopter raid, freeing an American and a Danish hostage and killing nine pirates. U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords of Arizona returned to Congress to officially tender her resignation a year after she was shot and severely wounded in her home district. First lady Michelle Obama and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, along with celebrity chef Rachael Ray, announced new guidelines for more healthful school meals during a visit with elementary students in Alexandria, Va.
Today's Birthdays: Actor Gregg Palmer is 86. The former president of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, is 85. Actor Dean Jones is 82. Country singer Claude Gray is 81. Movie director Tobe Hooper is 70. Actress Leigh Taylor-Young is 68. Actress Jenifer (cq) Lewis is 56. Actress Dinah Manoff is 55. Country musician Mike Burch (River Road) is 47. Rhythm-and-blues singer Kina is 44. Actress China Kantner is 42. Actress Ana Ortiz is 42. Musician Matt Odmark (OHD'-mark) (Jars of Clay) is 39. Actress Mia Kirshner is 38. Actress Christine Lakin is 34. Rhythm-and-blues singer Alicia (ah-LEE'-shuh) Keys is 32. Actor Michael Trevino (TV: "The Vampire Diaries") is 28.
Thought for Today: "There is no such uncertainty as a sure thing." — Robert Burns, Scottish poet (1759-1796).
Today's Highlight in History:
On Jan. 11, 1913, the first enclosed sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th National Automobile Show in New York.
On this date:
In 1805, the Michigan Territory was created by an act of Congress.
In 1861, Alabama became the fourth state to withdraw from the Union.
In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed the Grand Canyon National Monument (it became a national park in 1919).
In 1927, the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was proposed during a dinner of Hollywood luminaries at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.
In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began an 18-hour trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
In 1942, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Imperial Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
In 1943, the United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.
In 1963, the Beatles' single "Please Please Me" (B side "Ask Me Why") was released in Britain by Parlophone.
In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report that said smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
In 1972, East Pakistan changed its name to Bangladesh.
In 1977, France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a PLO official behind the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.
In 1995, 52 people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed as it was preparing to land near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena — however, a 9-year-old girl, Erika Delgado, survived.
Page 3 of 3 - Ten years ago: Calling the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral," Illinois Gov. George Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 condemned inmates, clearing his state's death row two days before leaving office.
Five years ago: Bank of America said it would buy Countrywide Financial for $4.1 billion in stock in a deal rescuing the country's biggest mortgage lender. Authorities in Jacksonville, N.C., found the remains of Marine Lance Cpl. Maria Frances Lauterbach in the yard of Cpl. Cesar Armando Laurean, a comrade she had accused of raping her. (Laurean, who fled to Mexico, was later arrested and sent back to the U.S.; he was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.) Former Olympic track gold medalist Marion Jones was sentenced to six months in prison for lying to investigators about using performance-enhancing drugs and her role in a check-fraud scam. Sir Edmund Hillary, who conquered Mount Everest, died in Auckland, New Zealand, at age 88.
One year ago: Joran van der Sloot (YOHR'-uhn VAN'-dur-sloht), the longtime suspect in the still unsolved disappearance of American Natalee Holloway in Aruba, pleaded guilty in Lima to the 2010 murder of a Peruvian woman, Stephany Flores; he was sentenced to 28 years in prison. French TV cameraman Gilles Jacquier was killed while filming a pro-government rally in Homs, Syria; he was the first Western journalist to die in the Syrian uprising.
Today's Birthdays: Producer Grant Tinker is 88. Actor Rod Taylor is 83. Composer Mary Rodgers is 82. The former prime minister of Canada, Jean Chretien (zhahn kray-tee-EHN'), is 79. Actor Mitchell Ryan is 79. Actor Felix Silla is 76. Movie director Joel Zwick is 71. Country singer Naomi Judd is 67. World Golf Hall of Famer Ben Crenshaw is 61. Singer Robert Earl Keen is 57. Actress Phyllis Logan (TV: "Downton Abbey") is 57. Musician Vicki Peterson (The Bangles) is 55. Actress Kim Coles is 51. Actor Jason Connery is 50. Contemporary Christian musician Jim Bryson (MercyMe) is 45. Rock musician Tom Dumont (No Doubt) is 45. Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxee Maxwell (Brownstone) is 44. Movie director Malcolm D. Lee is 43. Singer Mary J. Blige is 42. Musician Tom Rowlands (The Chemical Brothers) is 42. Actor Marc Blucas is 41. Actress Amanda Peet is 41. Actor Rockmond Dunbar is 40. Actress Kristolyn Lloyd (TV: "The Bold and the Beautiful") is 28. Reality TV star Jason Wahler (TV: "Laguna Beach"; "The Hills") is 26.
Thought for Today: "Finish each day and be done with it. You have done what you could." — Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist, poet and philosopher (1803-1882).